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Home > Rotavirus > Global Illness and Deaths Caused by Rotavirus Disease in Children


Rotavirus Vaccines
Global Deaths by Rotavirus
RotaVirus Updates

Global Illness and Deaths Caused by Rotavirus Disease in Children

Umesh D. Parashar,* Erik G. Hummelman,*Joseph S. Bresee,* Mark A. Miller,† and Roger I. Glass*
*Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; and †Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA


Appendix B [online only] This document posted from here

Table. Country-specific estimates of deaths from diarrhea and rotavirus in children.

Country

GNP per capita
(US $)a

Deaths of children <5 y
(x1,000)b

Estimated deaths
from diarrheac

Estimated deaths
from rotavirusd


Afghanistan

250

293

61,530

12,306

Albania

870

2

340

85

Algeria

1,550

36

6,120

1,530

Angola

220

176

36,960

7,392

Antigua and Barbuda

8,520

0

Argentina

7,600

16

1,440

446

Armenia

490

1

210

42

Australia

20,050

1

10

3

Austria

25,970

0

Azerbaijan

550

5

1,050

210

Bahamas

12,400

0

Bahrain

7,640

0

Bangladesh

370

312

65,520

13,104

Barbados

6,610

0

Belarus

2,630

3

510

128

Belgium

24,510

1

10

3

Belize

2,730

0

Benin

380

38

7,980

1,596

Bhutan

510

8

1,680

336

Bolivia

1,010

22

3,740

935

Bosnia and Herzegovina

b

1

170

43

Botswana

3,240

3

270

84

Brazil

4,420

134

12,060

3,739

Brunei Darussalam

24,630

0

Bulgaria

1,380

1

170

43

Burkina Faso

240

105

22,050

4,410

Burundi

120

48

10,080

2,016

Cambodia

260

44

9,240

1,848

Cameroon

580

88

18,480

3,696

Canada

19,320

2

20

7

Cape Verde

1,330

1

170

43

Central African Republic

290

23

4,830

966

Chad

200

64

13,440

2,688

Chile

4,740

3

270

84

China

780

813

138,210

34,553

Colombia

2,250

31

5,270

1,318

Comoros

350

2

420

84

Congo

670

13

2,730

546

Congo, Dem. Republic

110

475

99,750

19,950

Costa Rica

2,740

1

170

43

Côte d'Ivoire

710

92

19,320

3,864

Croatia

4,580

0

Cuba

1,170

1

170

43

Cyprus

11,960

0

Czech Republic

5,060

0

Denmark

32,030

0

Djibouti

790

3

510

128

Dominica

3,170

0

Dominican Republic

1,910

10

1,700

425

Ecuador

1,310

11

1,870

468

Egypt

1,400

89

15,130

3,783

El Salvador

1,900

7

1,190

298

Equatorial Guinea

1,170

3

510

128

Eritrea

200

16

3,360

672

Estonia

3,480

0

Ethiopia

100

475

99,750

19,950

Fiji

2,210

0

Finland

23,780

0

France

23,480

4

40

14

Gabon

3,350

6

540

167

Gambia

340

4

840

168

Georgia

620

2

420

84

Germany

25,350

4

40

14

Ghana

390

73

15,330

3,066

Greece

11,770

1

10

3

Grenada

3,450

0

Guatemala

1,660

24

4,080

1,020

Guinea

510

56

11,760

2,352

Guinea-Bissau

160

10

2,100

420

Guyana

760

1

170

43

Haiti

460

33

6,930

1,386

Honduras

760

9

1,530

383

Hungary

4,650

1

90

28

Iceland

29,280

0

India

450

2,400

504,000

100,800

Indonesia

580

240

50,400

10,080

Iran

1,760

64

10,880

2,720

Iraq

2,170

103

17,510

4,378

Ireland

19,160

0

Israel

17,450

1

10

3

Italy

19,710

3

30

10

Jamaica

2,330

1

170

43

Japan

32,230

5

50

17

Jordan

1,500

8

1,360

340

Kazakhstan

1,230

12

2,040

510

Kenya

360

117

24,570

4,914

Kiribati

910

0

Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.

a

14

2,940

588

Korea, Republic of

8,490

3

270

84

Kuwait

19,020

0

Kyrgyzstan

300

8

1,680

336

Lao People’s Dem. Republic

280

23

4,830

966

Latvia

2,470

0

Lebanon

3,700

2

180

56

Lesotho

550

10

2,100

420

Liberia

490

30

6,300

1,260

Libya

5,540

4

360

112

Lithuania

2,620

1

170

43

Luxembourg

44,640

0

Madagascar

250

94

19,740

3,948

Malawi

190

105

22,050

4,410

Malaysia

3,400

5

450

140

Maldives

1,160

1

170

43

Mali

240

119

24,990

4,998

Malta

9,210

0

Marshall Islands

1,560

0

Mauritania

380

19

3,990

798

Mauritius

3,590

0

Mexico

4,400

77

6,930

2,148

Micronesia, Fed. States of

1,810

0

Moldova, Republic of

370

2

420

84

Mongolia

350

5

1,050

210

Morocco

1,200

37

6,290

1,573

Mozambique

230

168

35,280

7,056

Myanmar

220

106

22,260

4,452

Namibia

1,890

4

680

170

Nepal

220

82

17,220

3,444

Netherlands

24,320

1

10

3

New Zealand

13,780

0

Nicaragua

430

8

1,680

336

Niger

190

137

28,770

5,754

Nigeria

310

781

164,010

32,802

Norway

32,880

0

Oman

4,940

1

90

28

Pakistan

470

599

125,790

25,158

Panama

3,070

2

180

56

Papua New Guinea

800

17

2,890

723

Paraguay

1,580

5

850

213

Peru

2,390

32

5,440

1,360

Philippines

1,020

87

14,790

3,698

Poland

3,960

4

360

112

Portugal

10,600

1

10

3

Qatar

12,000

0

Romania

1,520

5

850

213

Russian Federation

2,270

32

5,440

1,360

Rwanda

250

53

11,130

2,226

Saint Kitts and Nevis

6,420

0

Saint Lucia

3,770

0

Saint Vincent/Grenadines

2,700

0

Samoa

1,060

0

Sao Tome and Principe

270

0

Saudi Arabia

6,910

17

1,530

474

Senegal

510

43

9,030

1,806

Seychelles

6,540

0

Sierra Leone

130

68

14,280

2,856

Singapore

29,610

0

Slovakia

3,590

1

90

28

Slovenia

9,890

0

Solomon Islands

750

0

Somalia

120

106

22,260

4,452

South Africa

3,160

73

6,570

2,037

Spain

14,000

2

20

7

Sri Lanka

820

6

1,020

255

Sudan

330

103

21,630

4,326

Suriname

1,660

0

Swaziland

1,360

3

510

128

Sweden

25,040

0

Switzerland

38,350

0

Syria

970

14

2,380

595

Tajikistan

290

14

2,940

588

Tanzania

240

188

39,480

7,896

TFYR Macedonia

1,690

1

170

43

Thailand

1,960

30

5,100

1,275

Togo

320

26

5,460

1,092

Tonga

1,720

0

Trinidad and Tobago

4,390

0

Tunisia

2,100

6

1,020

255

Turkey

2,900

68

11,560

2,890

Turkmenistan

660

9

1,890

378

Uganda

320

142

29,820

5,964

Ukraine

750

10

2,100

420

United Arab Emirates

17,870

0

United Kingdom

22,640

4

40

14

United States

30,600

30

300

102

Uruguay

5,900

1

90

28

Uzbekistan

720

38

7,980

1,596

Vanuatu

1,170

0

Venezuela

3,670

13

1,170

363

Viet Nam

370

66

13,860

2,772

Yemen

350

98

20,580

4,116

Yugoslavia

b

3

510

128

Zambia

320

76

15,960

3,192

Zimbabwe

520

32

6,720

1,344

Total

10,630

2,112,020

439,788


aGNP, gross national product.
bFigures for total deaths in children <5 y of age are rounded to the nearest thousand; consequently, estimates of diarrhea and rotavirus deaths are not calculated for countries with fewer than 1,000 child deaths.
cDeaths from diarrhea were derived by multiplying total deaths in children <5 y of age by the estimated proportion of deaths attributable to diarrhea, based on GNP per capita, as follows: GNP < US$756, 21%; GNP = US$756–$2,995, 17%; GNP = US$2,995–9,625, 9%; GNP > US$9,625, 1%.
dDeaths from rotavirus were derived by multiplying total diarrhea deaths in children <5 y of age by the estimated proportion of diarrhea deaths attributable to rotavirus, based on GNP per capita, as follows: GNP < US$756, 20%; GNP = US$756–$2,995, 25%; GNP = US$2,995–9,625, 31%; GNP > US$9,625, 34%.


This page posted March 5, 2003
This page last reviewed January 5, 2004

Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal
National Center for Infectious Diseases
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention




updated: 23 April, 2014

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